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Managing Water Disasters and Minimizing the Vulnerability of Mozambique to Floods - Minister Roberto White


Now that the search and rescue phase is over, the Government's objectives, in the short and medium term, are to resettle the population, reactivate production, establish basic public services, and rehabilitate the network of basic infrastructures in order to minimize the severe negative impact on affected populations.

Similar to the program for 2000, the underlying philosophy for this year's programme is that reconstruction and/or new construction of infrastructures should not merely restore the previous level of development in the regions affected but should promote activities that will lead to reducing the vulnerability of the population to future disasters.

One of the most important issues in the effort to minimize the damages caused by large floods is to regulate the occupation of the flood plain. Basically, the occupation of the flood plains is done by urban settlements (towns and villages), agriculture (sometimes, irrigation perimeters), road and railways embankments.

All these encroachments in the flood plain have impacts in terms of the hydraulics of the floods and therefore any new occupation must be carefully analyzed before it is authorized. This means that there must be a good coordination between the DNA, the DNOT (National Directorate of Territorial Planning) of MICOA, ANE, CFM and the Provincial Governments.

For each of the major basins, a flood zoning study is required to base the decisions concerning the various types of existing or intended occupation. These studies will need periodic updates.

The overall financial resources needed to support this Reconstruction Programme are budgeted at around usd 132 million (see table 2):

Table 2
Projected cost of the 2001 Post – Flood Reconstruction Programme
(in US$ thousands)
Sectors Requirements
Social Sectors 36,344
Education 22,589
Health 12,047
Social Welfare 911
Culture 397
Youth and Sport 401
Infrastructure 51,890
Water and Sanitation 7,909
State Buildings and Equipment 1,592
Road and Bridgest 25,000
Housing and Town Planning 17,389
Economic sectors 23,510
Agriculture 7,711
Industry and Trade(*) 3,799
Mineral Resources and Energy 1,000
Transport 10,000
Fisheries 1,000
Vulnerability Reduction 20,252
Protective Dikes 14,000
Environment 2,300
Demining 1,120
Mass Media 1,000
Meteorology 332
Strengthening Management Capacity 1,500
Total 131,997
(*) of which US$ 3.529 million for the private sector  

Details of Infrastructure and Vulnerability Reduction Sectors may be seen in Annex 1.

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