The issues addressed by different actors in development are similar though with different approaches. There has hardly been time in the process of PARPA/PRSP for an intertwined and cogent national strategy encompassing these actors in a consistent national plan. Reducing poverty is multidimensional. It is necessarily local and driven by the beneficiary concerns.
Vertical line of command may increase the efficiency in delivery of services with high technology content, but promotion of opportunity, income generation, empowerment, and the enhancing of security of the poor take place at local level and horizontal interactions and integration are vital.
Monitoring and evaluation is an opportunity to revisit PARPA not with the narrow perspective of progress in the indicators but in analysing how any change produced for the better is made sustainable.
These instruments must retain sufficient flexibility and the spirit of institutionalising consultation heralded that needs to be established. Reducing poverty is a long-term goal and requires commitment. There should be no expert but participant and joint decision- making shall be the way to proceed. The donor community and IFI's have a important role to play in nurturing these partnerships and promoting the voice of those they are ready to help out of poverty.