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Country analysis > Mozambique Last update: 2020-11-27  

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PARPA/PRSP and poverty reduction in Mozambique: Challenges to national and international agents

1. Introduction
Mozambique has completed the national PRSP (PARPA) in 2001, and its approved version by the Council of Ministers in April that year was presented to IMF/World Bank as a final PRSP draft.

A previous draft was developed by the government sectors on the basis of a national poverty assessment. It included a national household survey of living conditions (1996/7) and case studies in three provinces on social security systems at the community level.

The IMF/World Bank has accepted this draft as an Interim PRSP. Consultations with the private sector, NGO's and other members of the civil society have enabled the government sectors co-ordinated by the Ministry of Planning and Finance to produce the final draft.

The PRS initiative from the Bretton Woods institutions meant poverty reduction to be country driven and owned and hence assumed broad participation in the design, implementation and monitoring of PRSP as a rolling instrument.

A partnership with all stakeholders involved with a medium to long-term horizon would contribute to a more comprehensive approach to poverty reduction and well-defined pro-poor policies and expected outcomes.

This paper aims at discussing the way in which PARPA as a PRSP reflects the commitment from the government and other partners in development to reduce poverty in Mozambique.

We take an historical flight over PARPA drafting process to consider the likelihood of its qualifying as a nationally owned plan to reduce poverty. The presentation of PARPA as a rolling plan is then critically evaluated using the provisions for monitoring and evaluation and the dissemination of information strategy.

The limitations found are considered in light of recent government pronunciations and reflections arisen in the society from discussions on poverty reduction during the process and monitoring and evaluation is identified as an opportunity to revisit PARPA in order to acknowledge progress that needs to be put in the context of an illuminated strategy combining enabling and dynamic factors and processes.

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