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United Nations (UN)

Africa Review Report on Agriculture and Rural Development (Summary)

Prepared for Fifth Meeting of the Africa Committee on Sustainable Development (ACSD-5) / Regional Implementation Meeting (RIM) for CSD-16 in Addis Ababa, 22-25 October 2007

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

23 August 2007

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  1. Background

    1. The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was created in December 1992 to ensure follow-up of outcomes from the 1992 UNCED in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. At the 11th session of the Global CSD, it was decided to review the implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for Further Implementation of Agenda 21(PFIA21) and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI), in two-year cycle. Regional commissions were also invited to take a lead role in organizing regional implementation meetings (RIM) to contribute to the work programme of the CSD.

    2. The CSD 16/17 in 2008/2009 will focus on Agriculture, Rural Development, Land, Drought, Desertification and Africa. ECA has therefore scheduled a RIM for 2007 under the auspices of the fifth session of the Africa Committee on Sustainable Development (CSD-5). The RIM for Africa will provide inputs from the region to the CSD-16 in order to maintain the momentum generated.

    3. The proposed Africa Review Report on Agriculture and Rural Development, which constitutes an integral component of the above thematic areas, therefore is to be prepared pursuant to the above rationale and it will form background information for the Africa RIM and provide substantive input to the CSD16.

  2. Purpose, objectives and commitment selectiveness

    1. The RIM will undertake an evaluation of progress in implementing Agenda 21, the PFIA21 and the JPOI. The focus of the exercise will be to identify achievements, constraints and challenges to further implementation with regard to agriculture and rural development in Africa. The report will review progress achieved in the above thematic cluster based on major commitments, goals and targets set out in the NEPAD especially the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) which presents linkages with the JPOI, PFIA21 and Agenda 21, taking into consideration the MDGs and the WFS engagements.

    2. The CAADP has been endorsed by the African Heads of State and Government and accepted as a vision for the restoration of agricultural growth, food security, and rural development in Africa. A specific goal of CAADP is to attain an average annual growth rate of 6 % in agriculture. To achieve this goal, the framework directs investment to four mutually reinforcing “pillars”: (i) extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems; (ii) improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for improved market access; (iii) increasing food supply and reducing hunger; and (iv) agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption.

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