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Country analysis > Tanzania Last update: 2008-12-17  
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United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)

Tanzania food security outlook

United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET)

February to July 2007

SARPN acknowledges FEWS NET as a source of this document: www.fews.net
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Executive summary 
  • Tanzania is currently generally food secure. Food is available in markets throughout the country, and below?average prices are enabling good household access to food. The good seasonal rains from November to February have improved pasture conditions. Localized flooding occurred following the heavy rains, but affected households are receiving assistance. Rift Valley Fever (RVF) has impacted livestock trade and reduced the incomes of households working in the livestock industry, but vaccination measures are controlling the spread of the disease.


  • Food security is expected to improve through July. The musimu rains in unimodal areas will continue well through May, the masika rains in bimodal areas from March through June will be normal, and RVF will not spread further in this scenario. As a result, household access to food will be good and pastoralist incomes will continue to improve, leading to general food security throughout most of the country.


  • In the worst-case scenario, the musimu rains in unimodal areas will end before May and the masika rains in bimodal areas will perform poorly. This will lead to below?average production that will reduce food availability and increase food prices. The spread of Cassava Mosaic Disease will reduce cassava production, which is an important substitute crop when the main harvests are poor. Additionally, the spread of RVF will further restrict livestock trade and impact incomes of pastoralists and households that work in the livstock industry. Food insecurity will increase throughout Tanzania, including levels of high and extreme household food insecurity.




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