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Government of Zambia
Ministry of Sport, Youth & Child Development

Orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia - 2004 situation analysis

Summary Report

Government of Zambia

December 2004

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IntroductionOrphans and vulnerable children in Zambia - 2004 situation analysis

This document is the second Situation Analysis of Zambia’s orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). The first, published in 1999, was a comprehensive analysis of the incidence, status and problems of these children in Zambia, and of the various responses to the situation. The 1999 report identified challenges and priorities for effective action.

Five years later, some significant steps have been taken towards meeting these challenges, which are highlighted in this report. Nonetheless, the numbers of orphans and vulnerable children and the problems they face have grown still larger.

We must remember that we can stop this problem getting worse. If we take this opportunity to learn from our successes and failures to date, and act with the necessary speed and scale, the numbers of orphans and vulnerable children, and the problems they face, could be significantly reduced in five years time. But to achieve this, we must be actors, not spectators.

The power to respond lies with us all – with Government, the international community, NGOs, churches, CBOs, communities and families. The future of Zambia’s children lies in the balance: the test will be the commitment and determination of all actors to work together, honestly and tirelessly.

This Situation Analysis consists of five separate studies:
  • Literature Review, which analyses and summarises key publications on orphans and vulnerable children of the last five years from Zambia and the region, and elsewhere.
  • Data Review presents the latest available official figures on the socio-economic situation of orphans and vulnerable children, based on reanalysis of the ZDHS data.
  • Institutional Response Assessment is an assessment and analysis of the activities of all registered organisations that work with orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia.
  • Extended Family Response uses qualitative methods to examine the situation. It looks at changes in how urban and rural communities and families are responding to the orphan crisis, and coping with the day-to-day problems it presents.
  • Models of Care presents case studies of good practice in a variety of activities and organisations working with orphans and vulnerable children.
This chapter is an overview, which uses information from all of these studies to provide a picture of the situation of Zambia’s orphans and vulnerable children, and of the changes, current response and future challenges for improving the situation. Whilst the key issues raised in each of the studies are highlighted in the overview, much more detail can be obtained from the individual reports.

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