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Country analysis > Mozambique Last update: 2020-11-27  

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PARPA/PRSP and poverty reduction in Mozambique: Challenges to national and international agents

PARPA/PRSP in Mozambique was approved by the government and accepted by the Bretton Woods institutions in the first trimester of 2001 giving way for Mozambique meeting decision points in the HIPC initiative for debt relief.

It proposes reduction in rates of absolute poverty in Mozambique in 5 and 10 years time frame and the draft approved details actions, indicators and budget by sector in the period 2001-2005. It includes a monitoring and evaluation and dissemination of information along with a consultation strategy and mechanisms.

The process of drafting PARPA up to full PRSP is analyzed in this paper to consider how much partners other than the government had a say and have had the opportunity to make contributions. A deficit in consultations is identified and different points of view are presented that converges on HIPC deadlines as the major factor responsible for a less comprehensive consultation process.

The potential for a rolling plan is then scrutinized using the provisions made in the PARPA draft and later documents for monitoring and evaluation and for the dissemination of information strategy. Criticisms are raised that do not allow for larger participation of other partners/stakeholders and point out to concentration at central level.

Considering poverty is multidimensional and tackling it implies having the beneficiaries concerns at its core the paper calls for allowance for a more diverse and local experiences and methodologies acting in conjunction with the government as the major actor.

'Campanha Terra' developed around Land Tenure Act dissemination that has taken root and specific dynamics at every administrative level within civil society organizations networks that today are assembled in a ' Forum Terra' is cited in the paper as an example.

A partnership with local institutions focusing on poverty reduction may be warranted as poverty and secure land tenure have close ties and co-exist in most of the rural world. In so doing endogenous elements arisen in the process get incorporated in the development of the actions.

PARPA is then evaluated in its content and issues on conditionalities in its drafting are discussed. The implications are that though services may be delivered to the poor within an enabling environment the alleviation in factors contributing to the poverty status does not necessarily lead to poverty reduction.

The need for processes that generate dynamics upon which production and productivity increases in the rural world is identified that should bear relation to agriculture and agro-industry to include the majority of the population and of the poor.

The monitoring and evaluation and PARPA as a rolling plan are considered as elements of a process through which the different partners acting as stakeholders may revisit PARPA transforming it in an instrument whereby enabling environment actions combines with processes generating more income and multiplying effects.

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