"It is impossible to separate (Picasso's) anxiety about (African) influence
(on his art)... from Europe's larger anxiety about the mask of blackness
itself, about an aesthetic relation to virtually an entire continent that it
represented as a prime site of all that Europe was not and did not wish to
be, at least from the late Renaissance and the Enlightenment."
Henry Louis Gates Jr, in Africa: The Art of a Continent, ed Tom Phillips,
Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1996, pp. 29 - 30.