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Country analysis > Zambia Last update: 2020-11-27  

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The poor of Zambia speak
Who would ever listen to the poor?

John T Milimo, Toby Shilito, Karen Brock

Published by the Zambia Social Investment Fund, 2002

ISBN 9982 – 46 – 001 – 3

Price 10 000 Zambian kwacha

These extracts are re-published with permission of the Zambia Social Investment Fund.
To order the book contact:
The principal author, Dr John Milimo, can be contacted at:

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Chapter One: Introduction
Poverty in Zambia: a decade of change

Why this book?

Chapter Two: Research methods
What is participatory research and where did it come from?

What tools did these studies use?

Chapter Three: Livelihoods of the poor
Introduction: How do the poor get by?

Cutting across rural and urban livelihoods
  • Seasonality
  • Water
Rural livelihoods: what has changed?
  • Impacts of liberalization
  • Environmental factors
  • Extension services
  • Access to land
  • What makes a difference
Urban livelihoods: declining well-being?
  • Formal employment
  • Informal employment
Adaptable livelihoods: responding to poverty
  • The causes and impacts of poverty
  • Coping strategies

Chapter Four: Health
Overview of health problems

Access to health care in a changing sytem
  • Distance: a double payment for health services
  • Is cost a barrier to access?
  • Quality of service provision: has it changed?
  • Patterns of health seeking behaviour
Institutions of community participation


Chapter Five: Education
Perceptions of the value of education

Perceptions of constraints on access to education

Perceptions of factors affecting quality of education

Gender issues affecting quality of education and pupil performance

Institutional Issues


Chapter Six: Case study on use of beneficiary assessment in developing a social fund

Beneficiary assessments in developing a Social Fund

Use of BA in evaluation of impact


Chapter Seven: Conclusions
Policy formulation and implementation

Decentralisation of service provision

Contribution to National Poverty Reduction Strategy

The participatory approach

About the authors


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