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A contribution for the understanding of the legislation on repatriation on Southern Africa

8. The Impact of the understandings in the development and in poverty alleviation

It s not easy to assess the impact of the activities of the Sub-Committees in the development of the regions from where the people being repatriated come. When these people venture into the unknown they carry a dream that their lives will eventually improve. However, most of them come back home empty handed, perhaps worse, than before they embarked on that journey. A number of factors have been identified in this paper. Chief among them is the way the farmers and the police behave and the fact that this process is often done unilaterally without prior consultation and co-ordination with the Mozambican authorities.

Perhaps the issue of poverty alleviation should be addressed within the context of stamping out illegal migration. It is clear that however, strong the machinery that the countries creativity that hunger and poverty force people to.

The number of Mozambican citizens being repatriated daily from South Africa reaches hundreds. Once they are left on the Mozambican side of the border, they find that there is no mechanism to receive them, accommodate and accompany them awaiting them. As a result, more than 50% of these return to South Africa. They prefer to venture back than to continue their journey to their homesteads where they take nothing to and where nothing except poverty, unemployment and low salaries await to greet them. The unemployment justification was given by more than 52.1% and the low salary by 12.1 of 190 interviewed by Covane. Finally reference to the fact that they had nothing to take home and, therefore the best route was to try another luck was referred to by 34.8% of the repatriated interviewees at the border post of Ressano Garcia (Covane 1997).

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