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REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND COOPERATION, AFRICA REGION, THE WORLD BANK

Regional Integration in Southern Africa: Overview of recent developments

Lolette Kritzinger-van Niekerk and Emmanuel Pinto Moreira

Contact: lkritzingervanni@worldbank.org

December 2002

Posted with permission of Ms Lolette Kritizinger-van Niekerk, Task Team Leader, World Bank office, Pretoria.
Copyright В© 2002 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK
[Complete version - 1.3Mb ~ 7 min (264 pages)]     [ Share with a friend  ]

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s). They do not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank Group, its Executive Directors, or the countries that they represent and should not be attributed to them.
 
Table of contents
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (view)
 
Foreword, Table of contents, Acronyms and abbreviations - 63Kb < 1min (16 pages)
 
PART I:
POLITICAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FEATURES OF THE SOUTHERN AFRICAN REGION


(view - 260Kb ~ 1 min (46 pages))

I.1 INTRODUCTION
I.2 POLITICS OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION
  1. Multiple Membership of Regional Integration Arrangements
  2. Overlapping Mandates but Different Approaches to Regional Integration
  3. Multiple Membership Seems to be Inefficient and Costly
  4. Trade and/or Development Agreements within the International Context make for a Fluid Operating Environment in Southern Africa
  5. Implications for the Bank
I.3 THE POLITICAL SITUATION IN THE SOUTHERN AFRICA REGION
I.4 THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
  1. A Relatively Small Sub-Regional Market but Size More than 50% of SSA’s GDP
  2. Wide Disparities in Socio Economic Development among Countries within the Sub-Region Associated with Small and Weak Markets

    1. Vast Differences in Population Size and Dispersion
    2. Uneven Levels of Income across and within Countries
    3. Low Levels of Human Development: A Structural Economic Weakness, Compounded by HIV/AIDS
    4. Insufficient and/or Inefficient Infrastructure: An Obstacle to Production and Trade Development in General, Especially for Landlocked Areas
    5. Uneven Development of Financial Systems
    6. Uneven Economic Size, Undiversifie d Production Structures and Commodity Dependence
I.5 ECONOMIC REFORMS AND OUTCOMES
  1. Economic Reforms

    1. Macroeconomic Reforms
    2. Changes in Investment Regimes
    3. Trade Reforms
  2. Economic Outcomes

    1. Budget Performance
    2. Inflation
    3. Real Interest Rates
    4. Savings and Investment
    5. External Performances: Current Account Balance
    6. Trade
    7. External Debt and Aid Dependence
    8. HIPC and Poverty Reduction Strategy
    9. Economic Growth
    10. Income Convergence in SADC
I.6 CONCLUDING REMARKS
 
PART II:
REGIONAL INITIATIVES AND ACTIVITIES


(view - 257Kb ~ 1 min (53 pages))

II.1 INTRODUCTION
II.2 PROGRESS IN THE PROTOCAL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
II.3 TRADE, INDUSTRY, FINANCE AND INVESTMENT
  1. Trade
    1. Limitations and Implications of the SADC Trade Protocol
    2. Relationships with other Regional Groupings – The Case of COMESA
      1. Differences in Rules of Origin
      2. COMESA Free Trade Area: Implementation Status and Related Issues
    3. The Way Ahead
  2. Finance and Investment
    1. Background to Cooperation
    2. Cooperating Mechanism and Cooperation Agenda
    3. Protocol Development Process and Way Forward
  3. Industry
    1. Background
    2. Mining
      1. Reforms in the Mining Sector
      2. Recent Investments in Mining
II.4 INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES
  1. Transport and Communications
    1. Regional Cooperation and Integration through the Transport, Communications and Meteorology Protocol.
    2. Implementation Status of SADC Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology
      1. Institutional Framework for Managing and Implementing the Protocol
      2. Monitoring of Progress in Protocol Implementation
      3. Reforms to Attract Private Investments
    3. Regional Cooperation in the Road Sub-Sector
    4. Transport Corridors
    5. Communications
  2. Energy
    1. The SADC Protocol on Energy: Objectives and Implementation Status
    2. SADC Energy Sector Activity Plan 2000-2005
    3. Energy Sector Reforms
    4. The Southern African Power Pool: An Example of a Promising Regional Cooperation Initiative
  3. Water
  4. Tourism
    1. Protocol for the Development of Tourism: Objectives and Implementation Status
    2. Tourism Development Strategy, 2001-2005, Actions and Projects
II.5 FOOD, AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
  1. Background
  2. Regional Strategy, Policy Objectives and Institutional Arrangements
  3. Food Security Program
  4. Agricultural Research and Training
  5. Crops
  6. Livestock Production and Animal Disease Control
  7. Fisheries
    1. Marine Fisheries and Resources
    2. Inland Fisheries
  8. Forestry
  9. Wildlife
  10. Land and Environment
II.6 SOCIAL AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
  1. Education and Training
  2. Employment and Labor Initiatives
  3. Health and HIV/AIDS
II.7 SADC: RECENT INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS
  1. SADC: Recent Institutional Machinery, 1992-2001
  2. SADC Institutional Mechanisms and Systems, 2001 and Onwards

    1. SADC’s Common Agenda
    2. New Structure
II.8 CONCLUDING REMARKS
 
PART III:
DONOR STRATEGIES, INVOLVEMENT AND PROJECTS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA


(view - 57Kb < 1min (10 pages))

III.1 The World Bank Programs and Projects
  1. Regional Transport
  2. Financial System Infrastructure
  3. Strengthening Statistical Capacity
  4. Education
  5. Energy and Telecommunications: Southern African Power Market Project
  6. Environment and Natural Resources Management
  7. African Connection Initiative
  8. Macro and Trade Dialogue
III.2 The IMF Strategy and Work Program in the Eastern and Southern African (ESA) Region
III.3 The European Union (EU) Projects in ESA and Indian Ocean
  1. EU/SADC Regional Projects
  2. Priority Areas of EU Financing Support
  3. Other Activities Under Preparation
  4. EU/COMESA Regional Projects
III.4 Development Bank of Southern Africa’s Financing Role in SADC
III.5 United States Agency of International Development Strategy and Focal Areas
  1. Background for the USAID’s Involvement in SADC
  2. Focal Areas
III.6 African Development Bank (AFDB) Strategy and Projects
III.7 Conclusion
 
PART III:
CONCLUDING REMARKS AND REFERENCES


(view - 45Kb < 1min (10 pages))

 
Attachment 1 - 164Kb ~ 1 min (36 pages)
Trade and/or Development Arrangements in Southern Africa and by Southern African Countries
Attachment 2 - 205Kb ~ 1 min (25 pages)
Socio-Economic and Political Information
Attachment 3 - 259Kb ~ 1 min (46 pages)
Regional Initiatives and Progress in Regional Integration
Attachment 4 - 59Kb < 1min (10 pages)
Involvement by International Development Partners in Regional Integration in Southern Africa
 
Lolette Kritzinger-van Niekerk (AFTP1), Task Team Leader, and Emmanuel Pinto Moreira, Consultant, prepared this report as a broad introductory and background work on regional integration in southern Africa for the World Bank to promote its dialogue aimed at a coherent support initiative for regional cooperation and integration in the subregion. Members of the southern Africa team provided valuable inputs for and comments on earlier drafts.
 



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