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Household Economy Assessment: Nyaminyami (Kariba Rural) District - Save the Children Report, 21 June 2002

 
2. METHODOLOGY

The overall research process followed the standard sequence as described elsewhere for the Household Economy Approach. Briefly, the process began with a review of secondary data for Nyaminyami and preliminary visits to key informants at Siakobvu and Kariba. Subsequently, 3 assessment teams carried out fieldwork between the 16th and 25th of May in each of the 3 food economy zones in Nyaminyami. Each team was led by a trained HEA practitioner from Save the Children, with 2 additional HEA-trained team members participating from Agritex Kariba, and the Department of Social Welfare in Hwange. The remaining team members were from the Kariba District Administrator's office, Nyaminyami Rural District Council (Drought Relief Programme) and the Ministry of Health.

2 wards were visited in each of the three FEZs covered. Initial meetings were held with community leaders (traditional chiefs and councillors), during which an overview of the situation in that area was covered, and a revised wealth breakdown was compiled. Leaders then arranged for focus group interviews with households from each of the identified wealth groups during which sources of food and income and expenditure patterns were discussed in detail. The process mainly involved semi-structured interviews based around checklists of subjects, with a variety of PRA-style tools such as ranking, scoring, proportional piling and seasonal calendars being used to assist with quantification and cross-checking of information.

As a baseline for the district was already available, this assessment was concerned with monitoring changes to the baseline, detailing the problems being faced in 2002-03, and assessing households' capacity to cope with those problems. Interviews focused on the year from April 2001 to March 2002, and then on harvests and other expected changes in the current year. 2001-02 will be presented to indicate how people have coped over the past year, and then an analysis will be given of the effects of drought and other problems this year on households' ability to access food and income and on the availability of various coping strategies.

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